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tv   Journal  PBS  July 2, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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"journal -- >> welcome to the "journal" coming to you live on dw. >> where next for edward snowden? a growing list of countries have turned down the whistleblower's asylum request. >> unemployment reaches alarming levels.
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time is running out for egypt's first freely elected president. the egyptian army says mohamed morsi's administration has until tomorrow to end the nation's political crisis, or it will step in. >> the armed forces published a roadmap of actions they intend to take should the armed forces intervene. the president has become increasingly isolated. >> six of his ministers have already announced resignations, and protesters are gathering an ever greater numbers. >> we will not go until he does -- the demonstrators' message is clear -- mohamed morsi must resign the presidency. the protesters gathered in carrier square hope that will happen tomorrow night. >> if he has not left by 6:00 tomorrow evening, it will be the business of the army. the islamists want to hold onto
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power, they will have the people and the army to contend with. >> the army has announced a roadmap to lead the people and country out of the crisis. it says it wants to bring all parties to the negotiating table. morsi's options are dwindling. with the recognition of the foreign minister, six of his cabinet have abandoned him. party and the protest movement have jointly agreed on the negotiator. even so, thousands of pro- government supporters of morsi and the muslim brotherhood have also taken to the streets of cairo, urged on by a leading islamist. >> we call on all egyptian people to rally in the streets and public squares to defend the legitimate government and reject any attempt to overthrow it. >> morsi's opponents are counting down the hours until wednesday evening.
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>> with the clock ticking, we are joined now live from cairo by our correspondent there. morsi's opponents and protesters are again gathering. what is the mood like? you were there when the arab spring kicked off. does it feel the same? >> no, it is very different. we have big demonstrations in tahrir square and in front of the palace of president morsi, but we have new movements developing not only in cairo but in other parts of the country. of course, the danger is that the two camps might clash because both of them are really out in force right now.
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>> that fear certainly being followed by the military, which says it is not planning to get involved in politics, but what are they likely to do it he deadline passes? >> that is what everyone is asking us -- what are they going to do? are they going to arrest morsi? what is going to happen? it is unclear what the roadmap is going to look like they are talking about. there are a lot of rumors around what might happen, but the roadmap is who will be in charge . there are no clear details known, so everyone is really anticipating what will happen in the next hours and what will happen tomorrow. the presidency announced they will give a speech or an announcement before the deadline . >> thank you so very much with the latest from cairo. for some analysis, we are happy
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to be joined in the studio now five representative with the international institute for security affairs. first off, will mohamed morsi still be president by the end of this week? >> we do not know yet. nobody can really tell. it seems as if he was severely weakened, but on the other hand, he has the support of the muslim brotherhood, and they have not mobilized all their supporters until now. we will probably know more tomorrow night as soon as we know a little bit more about what the military leadership has in mind. >> i want to jump in here -- what are the followers of the muslim brotherhood oh -- going to do if he is made to step down? they say he is their democratically elected leader of egypt. >> that's why i think the best solution would be one in which the muslim brotherhood would be integrated. but one of the main points that
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are unclear right now in egypt is why the muslim brotherhood does not mobilized all its supporters right now. there has only been one really big demonstration by the muslim brotherhood in the last days, and we do not know if this reflects a certain weakness or if it reflects a decision by the leadership not to escalate the situation. >> there appears to be two different ways of looking at their response right now. could this have a regional impact? would in effect other islamist movements from tunisia to lebanon? >> everything that happens in egypt has a regional impact. it seems as if for a long time the muslim brotherhood was the force of the future. if it has to step down in egypt, that will weaken the whole movement all over the region. if it does not step down, we will have to contend with the brotherhood for a much longer time. >> thanks so very much.
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>> now onto another story that has been dominating the headlines -- germany has has joined a growing list of countries refusing to grant political asylum to former intelligence analyst edward snowden. he has applied for protection from 21 countries after turning down an offer from russia. >> for more than a week, he has been an international fugitive, basically, since exposing american intelligence gathering activities without warrants against civilians. the u.s. has filed charges of treason on him and called on the kremlin to hand him over for trial. well, the door is slamming shut on mr. snowden, including here in germany. let's cross over to our chief clinical correspondent. we just heard that berlin has caved in, or is it strictly a legal issue for germany?
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>> that is definitely the way it is being depicted here. the interior minister spoke this morning after the government had the application for asylum and said that he was quite skeptical about its prospects. first of all, normally, to apply for asylum in germany, you would have to be on the country's soil or at least in one of its indices. mr. snowden does not meet that requirement. then there would be some flexibility if there were humanitarian grounds to take him in, but those only pertain if he is fleeing from a country that does not have the rule of law -- that at least is what german law says, and certainly, that does not pertain in the case of the u.s. there really was no clear legal ground to grant his application, and i think, also, a feeling within the government that it would the politically problematic as well. >> for now, thanks so very much.
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please stay with us, though. well, is all the outrage about snowden from europe mere bluster? it is starting to look that way after the eu announced that negotiations were planned next week on the you-u.s. trade pact, despite information from paris that u.s. spying would derail talks if it was not halted immediately. >> although there has been cross party condemnation of the practice, no concrete plan has emerged to put an end to it. >> transatlantic relations have been deeply shaken by reports that u.s. intelligence agencies spy on european union offices and institutions. some european lawmakers are calling for consequences until the affair is cleaned up. >> all the treaties that were negotiating with the u.s. concerning security issues, privacy issues -- we are going to have to talk bout these things -- talk to them about these things because the trust is gone.
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>> if americans do not deliver, the european parliament will launch an investigation, subpoena witnesses, and force a public bait to signal americans that this is not just about a few diplomats or politicians who might be affected -- it's about fundamental issues. >> the eu wants to start trade negotiations as planned, but many think that is a bad idea. the greens want to put the talks on hold. >> a significant part of the discussion addresses internet usage where europeans have completely different standards. >> i think that is a stupid idea, to block now the negotiations on the free trade agreement because the free trade agreement is merely in the interests of the europeans. >> he would like to take a united stand on the scandal, but in the parliament, lawmakers are divided on the issue. >> for more on this, let's go back to our chief the lyrical correspondent.
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the eu says it will resume trade pact negotiations with the u.s. in spite of the spying scandal. do you think this means the end of the data protection in europe? >> i think it means business as usual in europe. this is a continent with very grave economic problems. it badly needs growth. it badly needs jobs. the trade pact promises both of those, so there is a very great eagerness on the part of many eu governments to see negotiations on the trade treaty go forward. certainly the german government among them. i think there will be some kind of face hiking saving -- face- saving compromise where there will be some sort of gesture to restore trust on the part of the u.s. -- perhaps an apology, perhaps a commission of inquiry or such. the fact is, though, that the treaty is popular here in europe
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and a strong will to go ahead. data protection -- also still something many europeans very much believe in. particularly germany. there is a great sense of -- sensitivity here on issues of privacy, partly because of the country's history with authoritarianism. >> melinda, many thanks for your insight. >> a very different note now, over the years, news viewers have become accustomed to hybrids of the new genre from infotainment to complete news satire shows often containing more insight than many a straight news show. >> some performers in senegal have taken the new approach to a new level, wrapping the news for a growing audience of enthusiastic followers. >> he covers everything from a passports to obama's africa trip
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-- fake passports to obama's africa trip. nothing is off the table. correspondence out on the streets also wrapped the news. the satirical news show is the brainchild of senegal's two most famous hip-hop artists. they see rapid and powerful weapon for signaling change -- they see rapid as a powerful weapon. >> is poetry and rhythm. there is a poet and everyone. you just have to have the beat in your body. >> thousands certainly understood the message and early 2012 when they took to the streets to protest against senegal's president. the wrappers lead the movement. the president was elected out of office. the wrappers have now taken a message from the streets to the
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television. >> you need an interesting product to gain people's attention. and we have that. we enjoy our work. people see us as committed artist, and that helps us make the ice. >> they write their lyrics in both french and senegal's second official language. their music comes from their laptop. they rehearse in the living room before moving to the studio. cool and entertaining. the news wrappers now have a huge following on television and online -- the news rappers. >> france wants to follow germany's lead and go green. more on that after a short break . >> also some business news as well, so please stay with us. we will be back right after that
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short break.
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>> welcome back. paris has been hosting the first german-french energy conference. >> france says it wants to cut its dependency on nuclear energy, currently pegged at 75% of the country's power supply. >> experts and officials have been gathering to discuss working together on renewable energy. the german prime minister said that to reduce costs and increase energy security across europe. >> it was the last appearance for france's environment minister. later she was fired for criticizing the french president's budget. >> earlier, we spoke with the cheap energy analyst at the german institute for economic research. i asked her how realistic the french plans are to reduce use
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of nuclear power from 75% to 50% by 2020. >> i think it is realistic. we have to see that the nuclear power plant in france are already quite old and need to be replaced, and they could be replaced with renewable energy, so germany is doing that as well. france has high potential also in the renewable energy sector, also wind energy, also solar and biomass, and i think nuclear can be replaced. >> energy policy is one area that cannot be thought of in strictly national terms. in what areas might germany and france work loosely together -- worked closely together? >> because they are neighbors, their relationship with trade is very important. we are planning to increase the
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unified electricity market in europe, and germany and france are both big layers in this change, and we need both countries. also to show that the energy transition is feasible, and both countries can show that it works out at the end. >> thanks so very much. >> not everyone in france wants to wait that long to switch to green energy rather than letting parents take the lead, some regions are taking matters into their own hands. >> that's right. about 10 years ago, a small town in northern france decided to embrace alternative energy. today, it is setting an example or other french communities aiming for energy independence. >> is a small town one hour north of paris. just to exceed 500 people lived here, but looks can be deceiving
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-- adjust 6500 people lived here . they convince the city council to invest millions in france's first of likely owned wind park -- publicly owned wind park. >> we wanted to find innovative solutions, and we became sort of a guinea pig. we were open to trying new things. >> they now have plans to build france's largest wind turbine, standing 75 meters tall and making the city energy independent. >> thanks to our wind turbines and solar energy panels, right now, 53% of the energy that we use we produce ourselves. >> solar energy is also an important part of the green energy program. the city has its own solar park, and solar panels are attached to public buildings.
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like this wood-burning power plant, the facility produces enough energy to heat to schools and a hospital, and that saves the city money. the hospital reduced its heating costs by 80,000 euros last year a loan. people here are proud to be energy independent, like this employee at the power plant. >> this is the energy that we buy. the rest we get from our wind turbines and solar panels. >> people in the streets also pride themselves on their green city. this woman received 400 euros to help her upgrade her bike with an electric motor. >> it only works if you do something locally. you cannot wait for the government to do it for you. you have to do it yourself. >> it pays to be a step ahead.
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the mayor is convinced that green energy is the way forward. now other cities are looking to them for inspiration for their own energy plans. >> well, still ahead, we will be taking a closer look at greece's reform efforts. >> first, here's a look at some other stories making the headlines. the united nations says about 2500 people are trapped inside the town of homes in syria where government forces are intensifying their offensive -- the town of homs in serious. >> at least seven people were killed in afghanistan after taliban suicide bombers blew up the gates of a nato supply compound. it's the latest in a series of similar attacks by the taliban, one year before foreign troops are due to leave the country.
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>> an unmanned rocket carrying three satellites crashed shortly after launch from the space center in cuts extend. the russian space agency said the rocket booster unexpectedly shut down 17 seconds after takeoff. no one was injured. some business news now, and greece is continuing to struggle with its debt crisis. making matters much worse, the country has been given three days to reassure international lenders and the european union that it will meet conditions of its bailout. >> the german chancellor has already rejected granting greece any additional debt relief. with its latest ultimatum, the eu is upping the ante on greece to reform its public sector. >> inspectors from greece's were in athens again monday -- from greece's creditors were in athens again monday. they are said to be unhappy with
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greece's progress on reforming its public-sector. they've given athens three days to prove it can fulfill conditions of its bailout or risk missing the next tranche of aid. a german newspaper asked greece's economics minister of the country was trying to win debt relief. he replied, "if we are reliable and able to surprise our partners positively with our savings efforts, i'm sure they will be ready to show their solidarity with greece." troika members have said they want to cut greek debt to sustainable levels, but have not said when that will happen. meanwhile, athens has missed a june deadline to furlough thousands of state workers, and issue troika inspectors are expected to bring up. >> they are bringing called europe hoss lost generation -- millions of young people with out prospect of ever having a
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job -- they are being called europe's lost generation. >> tomorrow, germany is set to host a special meeting of eu leaders and labor ministers to discuss ways of combating the crisis. >> today, some of the young people affected came to berlin to make their voices heard. >> it is now commonplace to refer to a lost generation of european youth, especially in mediterranean countries. youth unemployment in greece and spain is over 50% and rising. >> the latest data are about 62.5% of unemployment at their age between 15 and 24. >> i think it is important to show a more progressive agenda. >> a lot of people are saying, trying to of scaling get more education, but it is becoming harder and harder to realize the dreams you had when you were younger about your career. >> i meeting participants from
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croatia. >> i expect to connect with other young people from europe. >> the eu has announced a 6 billion euro program to combat youth unemployment. some students say it is too little, too late. >> they have given up so much money to save the banks, so how are they expected to save a whole generation? >> it was not just the european financial crisis that was driving german markets today. also new data from the u.s. our correspondent sent us the summary from the frankfurt trading floor. >> reports that american health authorities want to cut spending for the treatment of kidney disease pensions cost the stock price of medical care to plunge
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deeply. the company is based here in germany near frankfurt, but it is providing kidney disease treatment to thousands of americans. overall, the mood here at the exchange was not overwhelming this tuesday. not even positive data from the united states changed this. the economy in europe continues to be weak. >> despite good economic news from the u.s., shares dropped in europe. in frankfurt, the dax was down. over in the u.s., shares are also slightly down. the euro is currently trading at $1.297 seven. >> before we go, berlin's spring summer fashion week kicked off, and whatever they lack in big
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labels more than makes up in showcasing some hot talent and fashion design. >> hundreds of thousands of visitors are expected to flock to the show. fashion parties often go deep into the night. >> stay with us. we'll be back at the top of the hour with the latest from egypt here on dw. >> see you later. captioned by the national captioning institute --www.ncicap.org--
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hello and welcome to "newsline." it's wednesday july 3rd. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. the president of egypt is standing his ground. even as he continues to shake beneath his feet. mohamed morsi delivered a televised speech refusing to step down and vowing to protect his democratically elected his opponents have been . gathering in the hundreds of thousands, demanding the islamist leaders resignation. morsi rejected the ultimatum from the military to resolve differences by wednesday afternoon. top engines say if he doesn't, he'll step

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